The different meanings of the Buddha hand sign, mudra

Buddhist and Hindu symbolism both heavily rely on mudras or hand gestures. These convey specific messages and have symbolic religious, ritualistic, and philosophical meanings. The Buddhist Bud portrayed the Buddha performing a number of mudras, each of which was obviously intended to have a unique and distinct meaning. Before buying a brass Buddha idol or another type of Buddha idol, it would be wise to educate yourself about the images of Buddha Mudras.

The many Mudras

Mudra originated from a Sanskrit word that means “sign” in English. In Buddhist art, diverse mental states are shown by means of hand motions known as mudras. Within the Vajrayana tradition, mudras frequently accompany prayers and tantric images and have esoteric meanings. Despite the lack of esoteric ceremonies, the Dhyani, or contemplation mudra, and the Anjali, or welcome mudra, are crucial components of regular practice in the Buddhist school of Mahayana.

The two-handed Samayuta with the one-handed Asamayuta are the two types of Buddha mudras. From sacred texts and accumulated cultural knowledge, Buddhist researchers have interpreted 24 Samyuta in addition to 13 Samyuta mudras. The Dhyani, Vitarka, Dharmachakra, Abhaya, Bhoomisparsh, and Anjali mudras are the most distinctive ones now in use. The majority of Buddha sculptures display these mudras often.

Let’s discuss the most fascinating aspects of these mudras.


This mudra’s completion alludes to the beatific vision’s supremacy. The thumbs of the right hand are softly touching in the mudra of mindfulness, with the back of the right hand resting on the elevated surface of the other. The lower hand stands for the world of illusions, and the upper hand for illumination. Buddha sculptures in the Dhyani mudra are common in temples and other places of worship where devotees go to meditate before the Mahabodhi. If you wish to place a sculpture of the Buddha in your home to utilize as a meditation tool, look for one that has the Dhyani mudra. Anyone who seeks peace and great mental health would love receiving these as gifts.


In teaching, this mudra is commonly utilized. In this mudra, the right hand is positioned at chest level with the palm facing outward. The thumb and fingers form a circle to symbolize the “Wheel of the Teaching.” The left hand is pointed downward and facing outward or resting palm up on the lap. One of the mudras that are most frequently seen and carved onto Buddha statues is the Vitarka Mudra. The Vitarka Mudra is revered by those who approach the Buddha in order to learn and become enlightened, as the Buddha himself once did. As the Supreme Teacher, the Buddha is revered by Buddhists, and Buddha images are frequently made using the Vitarka Mudra. A Buddha statue depicting the Vitarka Mudra might be appropriate for you if you want to thrive academically.


The English translation of the Sanskrit phrase “Dharmachakra” is “the wheel of faith.” This closely resembles the Vitarka mudra. Vitarka represents the Wheel of Teaching, but the Dharmachakra Mudra really rotates the Wheel of Teaching. Each hand forms a circle with its thumb and first finger. The left hand is drawn in while the right hand is extended. The hands are placed at the heart level. According to some researchers, the Dharmachakra Mudra is primarily made up of a collection of Vitarka Mudras that collectively represent pursuing wisdom rather than offering. The Buddha is a straightforward representation of the Mahabodhi seeking knowledge from the cosmos while wearing the Dharmachakra Mudra. A Buddha statue in your home in the Dharmachakra Mudra would symbolize your humility, honesty, and respect for knowledge.


The Abhaya Mudra is the one that traditional Buddha statues use the most. The Buddha is given divine status and is viewed as a savior in the Abhaya Mudra. People commonly seek solace from the Abhaya, a saying ascribed to the Buddha shortly after he awoke. The Sanskrit word “Abhaya” means “strength” or “encouragement.” This mudra is used for protection or blessing. The palm of the right hand is pointing upward as it is elevated to shoulder height. If you are looking for a Buddha statue for your home, you are fairly likely to encounter the Abhaya mudra more often than the other mudras. It is thought that a Buddha statue with the Abhaya Mudra will fend against harm and bring you the strength to face challenges in life.


In his quest for enlightenment, the Buddha is seen making this gesture to invite the world to experience his mastery over illusion. The Bhoomisparsh Mudra, also known as the earth-touching mudra, is performed with the right hand resting palm down on the right knee and the left hand resting on the lap. The most common place where the Bhoomisparsh Mudra appears is on statues of the Sleeping Buddha. In these statues, the Buddha is depicted as seated with his left leg raised and the head resting there. The Buddha is allegedly nodding asleep in this stance. Bring a statue of the sleeping Buddha with the Bhoomisparsh Mudra home if you’re looking for harmony and tranquility in your life.


Most commonly, the Anjali Mudra is used as a greeting. This mudra is utilized in Buddhist culture all over the world as a salutation and a mark of respect. The hands must be joined at the level of the heart, with the fingers pointing upward, to create it. Although less common, this mudra is still one of the most recognized on Buddha sculptures. The Anjali Mudra is a fascinating synthesis of Hindu and Buddhist cultures that draws attention to the existence of two classical civilizations in Asia. The Anjali Mudra is indeed widely utilized during Hindu rituals. A Buddha sculpture in the Anjali mudra is a wonderful addition to the main entry area of your house or living area.


The discussion has come to an end. We really hope that the details concerning the many hand gestures, or mudras, that could be observed on Buddha sculptures, were fascinating to you. We also hope it helps you choose the appropriate Buddha idol for yourself.

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