HR Glossary: What is Recruitment?

Recruitment, a pivotal aspect of organizational dynamics, encapsulates the comprehensive process of identifying, sourcing, screening, and selecting candidates for various roles within a company. This multifaceted journey plays a crucial role in shaping the workforce, impacting organizational culture, and influencing overall success. In this article, we explore the intricacies of the recruitment process, from sourcing to selection, and discuss various approaches and considerations in contemporary recruitment strategies.

Understanding Recruitment

Recruitment is an overarching process that involves several key steps:

  1. Job Analysis:
    • Conducting an analysis for new or significantly changed positions to document the required knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOs).
    • Capturing relevant information in a person’s specification.
  2. Kick-Off Call:
  3. Sourcing:
    • Sorting through applicants and resumes to select candidates for screening.
  4. Screening and Selection:
    • Picking, interviewing, and hiring the right candidate.
    • Recruiters provide detailed feedback on screened candidates to the hiring manager.
    • Shortlisted candidates undergo interviews, often with HR representatives, hiring managers, and occasionally panel interviews.

Sourcing Strategies

Sourcing involves the use of strategies to attract and identify candidates. This includes:

  1. Internal and External Recruitment:
    • Internal recruitment or mobility involves selecting candidates from the existing workforce for new roles.
    • External recruitment explores candidates outside the organization, bringing fresh perspectives and ideas.
  2. Referral Recruitment Programs:
    • Employees and outsiders can refer candidates for job openings, fostering improved candidate quality and reducing recruitment costs.
    • Employee referral programs enhance staff retention and contribute to a cost-effective recruitment process.
  3. Social Network Referral:
    • Leveraging employees’ social networks for referrals.
    • Overcoming challenges through screen tools and emphasizing the recommending employee’s reputation.

Screening and Selection Methods

Screening and selection involve various tools and considerations:

  1. Psychological Tests:
    • Assessing KSAOs, including literacy and physical ability.
  2. Applicant Tracking Systems:
    • Filtering candidates using technology.
    • Employing software tools for psychometric testing and performance-based assessment.
  3. Video Screening:
    • Utilizing video screening to assess soft skills and cultural fit.
  4. Diversity and Inclusion:
    • Recognizing the importance of diversity in hiring for global competitiveness.
    • Embracing Diversity, Equity & Inclusion (DEI) in recruitment strategies.

Specialized Recruitment Approaches

  1. Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO):
  2. Mobile Recruiting:
  3. Multi-tier Recruitment Model:
    • Employing a tiered approach for efficiency in high-volume recruitment.

Ethical Considerations

Recruitment ethics play a vital role in ensuring fair and transparent practices. Corrupt practices, including favoritism and inadequate background checks, can be detrimental. Tools such as pre-employment screening, personality tests, and a code of conduct help minimize corruption.


Recruitment is a dynamic and evolving process that significantly influences an organization’s success. By understanding the intricacies, leveraging diverse strategies, and embracing ethical considerations, companies can navigate the talent acquisition landscape effectively, ensuring the right individuals contribute to their growth and prosperity.

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