What Are the Subsystems of HRIS?

The way in which businesses manage their human resources in the digital age has been completely transformed by Human Resource Information Systems, sometimes known as HRIS. These systems are made up of a variety of subsystems, each of which is equipped to deal with a particular area of human resource management. Throughout the course of this essay, we will delve into the most important subsystems of HRIS, investigating their activities and the relevance they play in improving the efficiency of the organization.

  1. Recruitment and Selection Subsystem: By streamlining the process of identifying, recruiting, and selecting qualified individuals for employment opportunities, the Recruitment and Selection subsystem helps to streamline the business process. A number of elements, including job posting, screening of resumes, scheduling of interviews, and candidate evaluation, are included in its implementation. This subsystem contributes to the optimization of the hiring process, which helps to ensure that firms are able to efficiently bring in the best people.
  2. Personnel Administration Subsystem: Personal information, job descriptions, assignments, details on compensation, performance evaluations, and disciplinary actions are all included in the Personnel Administration subsystem, which is responsible for managing employee records. This component of the system functions as a complete database that allows for the management and tracking of information pertaining to individual employees throughout their time spent working for the firm.
  3. Training and Development Subsystem: The subsystem known as Training and Development is responsible for managing the various staff training programs. Training needs are identified, programs are developed, training sessions are scheduled, and employee progress is monitored under this system. When it comes to bridging skill gaps, aligning the workforce with business goals, and supporting continuous learning, this subsystem is an extremely important component.
  4. Payroll and Benefits Subsystem: The Payroll and Benefits subsystem is responsible for administrative tasks such as payroll processing, employee remuneration, and benefits management. This subsystem guarantees that all financial transactions pertaining to employee remuneration are carried out in a timely and accurate manner. It does this by performing tasks such as calculating salaries and wages, handling benefits such as health insurance and retirement plans, and so on.
  5. Performance Management Subsystem: The key functions of the Performance Management subsystem are to monitor and assess the performance of the staff members. The establishment of performance goals, the monitoring of progress, the execution of evaluations, and the provision of feedback are all included in this. Through the use of systematic evaluation, this subsystem makes a contribution to the improvement of both individual abilities and organizational performance.
  6. Time and Attendance Subsystem: The Time and Attendance subsystem is responsible for managing staff attendance, as well as tracking leave requests and time off requests. The monitoring of vacation time, sick leave, and other sorts of leave is made easier by this feature. It is the responsibility of this subsystem to ensure that correct records of employee attendance are kept, which in turn makes it possible to manage the workforce more effectively.
  7. Employee Self-Service Subsystem: By enabling employees to take control of their own information management, the Employee Self-Service subsystem gives workers the ability to make changes to their personal information, examine their pay stubs, and submit requests for time off. This approach to self-service improves employee engagement while also reducing the administrative strain placed on human resources departments.

Role of HRIS in Information Management

In order to acquire, store, alter, analyze, retrieve, and transmit information pertaining to human resources (HR), a human resource information system (HRIS) functions as a sociotechnical system, combining technology and human skills. In a human resource information system (HRIS), there are three primary categories of information that are included: organizational information, job information, and employee information.

Policies, procedures, and processes are examples of organizational information. On the other hand, job information provides specifics such as position descriptions, credentials, and attrition rates. Employee information includes a variety of different things, including biographical details, ratings of performance, benefits, attendance records, and more. By ensuring that information is easily accessible to decision-makers throughout the company, the Human Resource Information System (HRIS) makes data management more efficient.

Database Technology and Networking Applications

A human resource information system (HRIS) is dependent on relational database technology, which stores information in a structured manner to minimize inconsistencies and improve data integration. It is becoming increasingly common for networking applications to combine centralized data storage with decentralized access. This gives end users the ability to retrieve information that is pertinent to their organizational tasks at any given time.

The Role of the Internet

The flexibility of human resource information system (HRIS) development has been further expanded by the Internet, which enables firms to either maintain their own servers or lease servers from external vendors. Access to Human Resources Information System (HRIS) information can be easily accessed through online portals using browser-capable devices like as PCs, cellphones, and kiosks.

Analysis and Reporting

There are many different levels of analysis that can be supported by HRIS. These levels range from individualized reports that are suited to specific needs to real-time “management dashboards” that provide automatic evaluations. With this analytical power, decision-making, strategy planning, and compliance monitoring are all made easier.

Subsystem Overview

Transaction processing, workflow, reporting, decision support, and executive assistance are some of the subsystems that are included in the Human Resources Information System (HRIS). These subsystems collaborate with one another to ensure that the organization’s information flow is uninterrupted, that processes are improved, and that strategic decisions are made accordingly.


Therefore, it is necessary for businesses that want to harness technology for efficient human resource management to have a solid understanding of the subsystems that make up the human resource information system (HRIS). When taken as a whole, these subsystems contribute to the streamlining of processes, the accuracy of data, and the making of informed decisions, which empowers HR professionals as well as employees in this world of digital technology. It is expected that human resource information systems (HRIS) will play a crucial part in determining the future of human resource management.

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